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Allergic Asthma

What is Asthma?

Asthma is caused by a reversible bronchial obstruction: bronchospasm and inflammation of the bronchus. It can become dangerous and require hospitalisation.Without treatment, asthma can cause chronic obstruction (chronic inflammation) which is difficult and sometimes impossible to cure. 

Asthma Symptoms


  • breathing difficulties (dyspnea) accompanied by wheezing (sibilance)
  • coughing
  • symptoms may increase due to effort (exercise-induced asthma)

 

Asthma Diagnosis

Bronchial obstruction can be observed during auscultation of the patient and diagnosis is confirmed by spirometry  (lung function tests)Follow-up requires regular peak-flow controls, aiding in adjusting treatment.

Allergic Asthma Etiology

Symptoms are either acute or chronic, depending on allergenic contact :

  • acute: often caused by pollens, cat dander (occasional contact)
  • chronic: mostly caused by house dust-mites, cat or dog dander (repeated contact)

 

Asthma Medication

 

  • inhaled (powder) bronchodilatator with short or long action
  • inhaled corticoids

eventually:

  • corticoid tablets
  • anti-leucotrien tablets

NB :

  • anti-histaminic have little to no use for asthma
  • inhaled powders have made huge progress and are quite well tolerated

Asthma Cure

→ Allergic Desensitisation

  • indication to eventual desensitisation is fairly strict
  • good results
  • enables to diminish and sometimes even stop all medication
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